India, a land steeped in history and diversity, has a long tradition of honouring individuals who have made exceptional contributions to the nation. Among the highest accolades in the country, the Bharat Ratna stands as a symbol of recognition and appreciation for those who have left an indelible mark on the fabric of India. This article will explore the prestigious Bharat Ratna award, its history, significance, and the Bharat Ratna award list of individuals who have received this honour.
The Bharat Ratna, which translates to “Jewel of India,” was established on January 2, 1954, by the President of India. It was initially instituted to honour exceptional contributions in various fields, including arts, literature, science, and public services. Over the years, the eligibility criteria have evolved to include any field of human endeavour, making it a truly versatile recognition.
Choosing Bharat Ratna recipients is a meticulous process. Recommendations can be made by the Prime Minister, Members of Parliament, or even ordinary citizens. These recommendations are reviewed by a committee, which is headed by the PM and other eminent individuals.
The criteria for selection include the recipient’s exceptional contribution to the advancement of art, literature, science, and public services. It is important to note that the Bharat Ratna is not awarded posthumously, except in very rare circumstances.
Over the years, the Bharat Ratna has been awarded to a diverse group of individuals who have made remarkable contributions to India and the world. Here are some of the most prominent recipients:
Dr Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was a champion of social justice and equality and is often referred to as the “Architect of the Indian Constitution, “His tireless efforts in the drafting of the Indian Constitution and his advocacy for the rights of marginalised communities make him a true Bharat Ratna.
Saint Teresa of Calcutta, known as Mother Teresa, devoted her life to serving the poor. Her selfless work in the slums of Kolkata, where she founded the Missionaries of Charity, earned her worldwide recognition and the Bharat Ratna.
Cricket, often described as a religion in India, found its god in Sachin Tendulkar. With numerous records and an unwavering commitment to the sport, Tendulkar’s Bharat Ratna was a tribute to his incredible cricketing career.
Lata Mangeshkar, the “Nightingale of India,” has mesmerized the nation with her melodious voice for decades. Her contribution to Indian music is immeasurable, and she remains an enduring icon of Indian culture.
The first recipient of the Bharat Ratna, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, was a physicist whose groundbreaking work in optics and scattering of light earned him the Nobel Prize in 1930 in Physics. His contributions to science continue to inspire generations.
Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam- popularly known as the “Missile Man of India,” made significant strides in India’s defence and space programs. His visionary leadership as the President of India and his dedication to education and youth empowerment are legendary.
In conclusion, the Bharat Ratna is a symbol of India’s rich heritage and its commitment to recognizing and honouring exceptional individuals who have contributed significantly to the nation. While controversies may arise, the award continues to motivate individuals from all walks of life to strive for excellence and make a positive impact on society. As this article reflects on the Bharat Ratna award list of individuals who have received this honour, the world is reminded of the diverse talents and contributions that have shaped India’s past, present, and future. The Bharat Ratna is not just an award; it is a celebration of the spirit of India and its extraordinary citizens.